Electric cars are becoming more and more demanded. Car giants like General motors and Audi are planning to switch into the production of electric cars. By 2035, most of the vehicles will be electric. The change is also encouraged by governments’ new policies and regulations. Thus, in about 10 years the picture will change drastically.
So, what are the main advantages of electric cars that the world has become obsessed with them?
Advantages of electric cars
- Environment friendly
First of all, electric cars do not have any negative impacts on the environment. Due to electric cars the greenhouse gas emissions are reduced, which has a positive effect on the climate.
- Quieter cars
Electric cars are quieter as compared to fuel running cars. The reduction of noise results in a safer traffic.
- Electric cars require less maintenance
There is no need for regular maintenance. The motor, battery and other parts do not require frequent attention. Besides, due to its non-fluid nature, the cars do not create much fuss. The most attention takes the electric car batteries. This, however, does not create inconveniences, as most batteries have about 8 year’s lifespan.
- They are less costly to run
The cost of electricity used for charging electric vehicles is almost 50% less than you spend to fuel your conventional vehicle.
- Do not harm our health
Harmful emissions are in the past with electric cars. Both the driver of the vehicle and the environment are protected with electric cars.
Electric car batteries
The main concern about electric cars seems to be the batteries, their charging frequency and battery life longevity.
Though electric car batteries have a limited life, still their life is not that short. Most of the batteries in the market can last about 8 years. Besides, the technology is being enhanced constantly. The manufacturers try to create safer and more reliable batteries.
Electric car battery technology
At the moment the battery technology is facing two important issues:
- First, it is important to find a way to recycle the batteries. It is essential that the valuable components of spent batteries are used later.
- Second, the batteries contain expensive and rare metals. Currently the manufacturers try to find ways to substitute the costly metals without endangering the quality of the batteries.
As of now, the most reliable and safest batteries are lithium-ion batteries. Lithium-ion batteries are an excellent choice for electric cars. The manufacturers cannot find any other substitutes that will be as safe and long-lasting as these batteries.
The problem with lithium-ion batteries, however, is the costliness of their production. A single battery pack contains approximately 8 kg lithium, about 35 kg nickel and other expensive components.
Anyway, lithium-ion batteries are not going anywhere. Besides, their cost has drastically decreased lately.
Recycling of lithium-ion batteries
Currently, a lot of effort is put into recycling of lithium-ion batteries. The recycling mechanisms are best developed in China, Korea and Japan. These countries are the main producers of the batteries. Due to constantly enhancing technologies, today it is already possible to retrieve the most important and expensive components of the batteries. This way, the production will increase and the cost of the batteries will decrease. The availability of lithium-ion batteries is very important as they, in their turn, determine the cost of the electric cars. The main goal of the manufacturers is to make the cars affordable.
The benefits of lithium-ion batteries
Lithium-ion batteries have a lot of benefits that make them stand out from other battery choices.
Lithium-ion batteries are:
- Tolerant to high temperatures
- Do not require maintenance (you need to plug it and charge)
- Longer lifespan
- Fast charging (3 hours)
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